Who Owns the Roads? Why Cyclists Should Claim More Space
No one knows how much space cyclists have for cycling, how much space motorists have for driving and parking, and how pedestrians feel: thus the idea of a Road Space Justice Report was born. Heinrich Strößenreuther and students measured around 200 streets across Berlin to get the answer.
A Guest Article from Heinrich Strößenreuther, the Initiator of the Road Space Justice Report
It was early morning on a grey October day one year ago as I was riding my bike to a breakfast TV-show to appear live on camera for the first time in my life. What did I dislike about motorists so much that I wanted to make a parking offenders app? That was the “harmless” warm-up question. It went on in a similarly heated vein, with the online Facebook debate breathing down my neck.
At some point someone said that it had become too congested in our cities: too many cars, too little space for cyclists. When the adrenaline rush of my first live talk show appearance slowly faded away, that “too congested in our cities” remained stuck in my thoughts.
As a traffic consultant commissioned by the City of Hamburg, I had already worked out five years ago that bicycle traffic would actually have to quadruple in order to reach the climate protection goal of cutting CO2 emissions by 40%. To do so, traffic space used for parking spaces would have needed to be converted into cycle paths. However, the customer didn’t want to have this conflict over road space in the report, so it was dropped.
The question still remains of how congested our cities really are, and who owns the roads. Google doesn’t know anything about it, friends in traffic research don’t have any figures about it, and neither does Berlin nor any other city. No one knows how much space cyclists have for cycling, how much space motorists have for driving and parking, and how pedestrians feel: thus the idea of the Road Space Justice Report was born.
I met with a Berlin professor. The idea quickly germinated of having her students simply measure Berlin. We wanted to show everyone what the situation was really like. Yardsticks were used to measure around 200 streets to see how wide the pavements, cycle paths, parking strips and traffic lanes are. They obtained the length of the road sections in the form of Google Maps, and the Berlin Senate provided the key to then extrapolate the data to the whole of Berlin in a way that was statistically reliable. After just a few hours of work, knowledge was created which did not exist before.
The results: 3% of Berlin’s streets are reserved for cyclists, and 19 times more for motorists: about 20% for parking and 40% for driving. In spite of this, cars in Berlin sit around for 23 ½ hours on average, which means that they’re only used at a rate of 2%. A third seem to not even move from the spot for weeks on end. If these cars were scrapped, everyone would have space, cyclists as well as motorists. Biking has increased by 50%, with15% of all journeys in Berlin now being made by bike and only 32% made by car. That’s not what you would call road space justice!
The Senate would have to expand the traffic area given over to cyclists by 600 percent in order to create justice in terms of traffic area. That’s worth a few headlines…
Where does it go from here? Cyclists from the Critical Mass group in Mainz want to measure their city too, and others are thinking about doing the same. I dream of a surface tool— a small web interface or app—so that anyone, wherever he or she might be at the time, can quickly measure a street in terms of its road surface justice. This date would then be extrapolated to the whole city so that you can then ask the mayor critical questions.
Hey readers, who wants to volunteer to develop such a surface tool? Please comment or get in touch.
Image © Andreas Stückl
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